Posts Tagged ‘allergic rhinitis’

What is allergic rhinitis?

Wednesday, March 21st, 2012

allergic rhinitisWhat is allergic rhinitis is a commonly asked question and it  is an inflammation of the nasal mucus, which may be caused by agents in the air.
Allergic inflammation is caused by a particular allergen, characterized by runny nose, nasal congestion, nasal itching and sneezing. Depending on the duration of allergenic exposure, they are divided into:
- seasonal allergic rhinitis – hay fever
- perennial allergic rhinitis
- Occupational allergic rhinitis
Infectious rhinitis:
- acute infectious rhinitis is viral with secondary bacterial infection.
- chronic infectious rhinitis is when symptoms last for 8-12 weeks and often affect the sinuses.
Other rhinitis (non-allergic and non-infectious):
- idiopathic – it is perennial with an unknown cause. It can be provoked by cold air and negative emotions.
- rhinitis with nasal polyps – meeting with asthma and intolerance to aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs) NSAIDs intolerance without asthma, chronic infectious rinosinuit
- professional non-allergic
- hormonal – during pregnancy and puberty, thyroid dysfunction
- medicated – prolonged use of nose drops, sniffing cocaine, use of different drugs such as blood pressure lowering drugs, oral contraceptives, NSAIDs
- rhinitis induced by food – for example, chronic consumption of spicy and hot foods and alcohol
- “Emotional” rhinitis – causes of stress and sexual arousal

 

So we now know what is allergic rhinitis and what causes it to affect us.

 

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